Links and Works Cited
The following books, articles, and web pages have been and will continue to be of indispensable assistance to me.  I'm sure you'll find them very informative as well.


Internet Links  Works Cited




Abraham, H.C. "Some mygalomorph spiders from the Malay Peninsula." Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1924: 1091-1124.

Almeida-Silva, L. M., et al. "Redescription and notes on the natural history of the arboreal tarantula Iridopelma seladonium (Araneae: Theraphosidae: Aviculariinae)." Revista Brasileira de Zoologia. vol. 25. 2008. 728-736

Baerg, William J. The Tarantula. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1958.

Berland, L. "Description de quelques espèces nouvelles d'aviculariides africaines (Araneae: Aviculariidae)." Bull. Mus. Hist. nat. Paris: vol. 23. 1917. 469-470

Bertani, R. & C. S. Fukushima. "Description of two new species of Avicularia Lamarck 1818 and redescription of Avicularia diversipes (C.L. Koch 1842) (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae) – three possibly threatened Brazilian species." Zootaxa, 2223. 2009. 25-47.

Bertani, R. & P.I. da Silva, Jr. 2002. "The first mygalomorph spider without spermathecae: Sickius longibulbi, with the revalidation of Sickius (Aranae,Theraphosidae, Ischnocolinae)." The Journal of Arachnology 30: 519-526.

Bertani, Rogerio. "Revision, cladistic analysis and zoogeography of Vitalius, Nhandu, and Proshapalopus; with notes on other theraphosine genera." (Araneae, Theraphosidae). Arquivos de Zoologia 36(3), 2001. 265-356.

Bertani, R., Fukushima, C. S. & P. I. da Silva, Jr. 2008. Two new species of Pamphobeteus Pocock 1901 (Araneae: Mygalomorphae: Theraphosidae) from Brazil, with a new type of stridulatory usan Zootaxa 1826: 45-58

Cambridge, O. P.-. 1896. Arachnida. Araneida. In Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London, 1.

Cambridge, F.O.P.-. 1897. Arachnida - Araneida and Opiliones. In Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology.
London, 2: 1-40.

Cambridge, O. P.-. 1877. On some new genera and species of Araneidea. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 19.

Celerier ML, et al. "Venom of an aggressive African Theraphosidae (Scodra griseipes): milking the venom,a study of its toxicity and its characterization." Toxicon. 31(5): 1993. 577-90.

Chamberlin, Ralph V. "New Spiders of the Family Aviculariidae." Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 1917. Vol. LXI, No. 3.

Charpentier, Philip. "The Genus Avicularia" Exothermae. 1992. Vol. I, No. 1.

Charpentier, Philip. Exothermae Magazine Number One: A New Species of Poecilotheria. Middelkerke: Exothermae Publications, 1997.

Coile, Nancy C. TRI-OLOGY. 1996. Vol. 35, No. 6.

Conniff, Richard. "Tarantulas: Earth Tigers and Bird Spiders." National Geographic. Pages 98-115, September 1996.

Dougherty, TJ, et al. "Envenomation from a “Fringed Ornamental” Tarantula (Poecilotheria ornata)." Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology Vol. 42, no. 5. 2004. 768.

Edwards, G.B. and Kenneth L. Hibbard. "The Mexican Redrump, Brachypelma vagans (Araneae: Theraphosidae), an exotic tarantula established in Florida." Fla. Dept. Agric.& Cons. Serv., Div. Plant Industry, Entomology Circular. 1999. 394:1-2.

Gallon, Richard C. "Revision of the African genera Pterinochilus and Eucratoscelus (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Harpactirinae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society. 2002. 12 (5). 201-232.

Gallon, Richard C. "Revision of the Ceratogyrus ssp. formerly included in Coelogenium (Araneae: Theraphosidae, Harpactirinae)." Mygalomorph. 2001. Vol. 2, No.1.
Gallon, R.C. 2003. A new African arboreal genus and species of theraphosid spider (Aranae, Theraphosidae, Stromatopelminae) which lacks spermathecae.Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12(9): 405-411.

Gallon, R.C. 2005. A new species of theraphosid spider from Southern Africa (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Harpactirinae) with distributional notes on other harpactirines.Bull. Br. arachno. Soc. 13(5): 179-184.

Gallon, R.C. 2005. On a new genus and species of theraphosid spider from Serpent Island, Mauritius (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Eumenophorinae, Mascaraneus remotus ). Bull. Br. arachno. Soc. 13(5): 175-178.

Gallon, R.C. 2005. Ashantia Strand, 1908 is a junior synonym of Euathlus Ausserer, 1875 (Araneae, Theraphosidae Theraphosinae).Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc. 13(6): 199-201. (Euathlus latithorax)

Gertsch, Willis J. American Spiders. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1949.

Gravely, F. H. 1915. Notes on Indian mygalomorph Spiders. Rec. Indian Mus. Calcutta 11: 257-287.

Hahn, C. W. 1835. Die Arachniden. Nürnberg, Zweite Band.

Hancock, Kathleen and John. Tarantulas: Keeping and Breeding Arachnids in Captivity. Taunton: R & A Publishing, 1992.

Hirst, A. S. 1907. On two spiders of the genus Selenocosmia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 19.

Kaderka, Radan (2007) Cyriocosmus perezmilesi sp. n. from Bolivia (Araneae: Theraphosidae: Theraphosinae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, Vol. 14

Latreille, P. A. 1804a. Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des Insectes. Paris, 7.

Latreille, P. A. 1806. Genera crustaceorum et insectorum. Paris, tome 1.

Locht, A., et al. "Distribution and Natural History of Mexican Species of Brachypelma with Morphological Evidence for Their Synonymy." Journal of Arachnology 27, 1999. 196-200.

Lucas, SM, et al. "Mygalomorph spider bites: a report on 91 cases in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil." Toxicon. 32(10):1994. 1211-5.

Marshall, Samuel D. Tarantulas and Other Arachnids. Hauppauge: Barron's Educational Series, 1996. ISBN 0-8120-9315-1

Mello-Leitão, C. F. de. 1935c. Tres novas aranhas tetrapneumones nas colleccoes do Instituto Butantan. Mem. Inst.Butantan 9.

Mello-Leitão, C. F. de. 1943b. Araneologica varia brasiliana. Anais Acad. bras. Cienc. 15.

Mello-Leitão, C. F. de. 1945c. Some interesting new Brazilian spiders. Trans. Conn. Acad. Arts Sci. 36.

Nentwig, Wolfgangand Christian Wissel. "A comparison of prey lengths among spiders." Oecologia 68:4. 1986. 595 - 600.

Perez-Miles, Fernando. "Iracema cabola: New Genus and Species of a Theraphosid Spider from Amazonic Brazil." Journal of Arachnology 28. 2000. 141-148.

Pérez-Miles F, Lucas S M, da Silva P, Bertani R. "Systematic revision and cladistic analysis of Theraphosinae (Araneae: Theraphosidae)." Mygalomorph, 1.3: 1996. 33-62.

Petrunkevitch, A. 1929. Descriptions of new or inadequately known American spiders (Second paper). Ann. ent. Soc. Amer. 22.

Petrunkevitch, A. 1939. The status of the genus Eurypelma (order Araneae, family Theraphosidae). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (11) 4.

Platnick, Norman I. The World Spider Catalog. New York: The American Museum of Natural History, 2000. Available online here.

Pocock, Reginald. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma: Arachnida. London: Taylor and Francis, 1900.

Pocock, R.I. 1895. On a new and natural grouping of some of the Oriental genera of Mygalomorphae, with descriptions of new genera and species.Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 15: 165-184.

Pocock, R. I. 1897. On the spiders of the suborder Mygalomorphae from the Ethiopian Region, contained in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1897.

Pocock, R.I. 1899. The genus Poecilotheria: its habits, history and species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 7(3): 82-96.

Pocock, R. I. 1899. Diagnoses of some new Indian Arachnida. Jour. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 12.

Pocock, R.I. 1900.The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Arachnida. London, pp. 1-279. [p. 203].

Pocock, R. I. 1903. Some Arachnida collected by Mr G. W. Bury in Yemen. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 11.

Prentice, Tom. 1993. A new species of North American tarantula, Aphonopelma paloma (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Theraphosidae). Journal of Arachnology 20: 189-199. [p. 189, f. 1-11].

Prentice, Tom. 1997. "Theraphosidae of the Mojave Desert West and North of the Colorado River (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Theraphosidae)". Journal of Arachnology 25. 137–176.

Raven, Robert J. 1985.The Spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): Cladstics and Systematics. Bulletin of The American Museum of Natural History, 182. 1-80.

Raven, Robert J. 2005. A new tarantula species from northern Australia (Araneae, Theraphosidae) Zootaxa 1004: 15-28.

Reichling, Steven B. and William H. N. Gutzke. "Phenotypic Consequences of Incubation Temperature and Feeding Regimen in Captive-bred Tarantulas." Zoo Biology 17:5. 1998. 405-414.

Reichling, Steven B. The Tarantulas of Belize. Malabar: Krieger Publishing, 2003.

Richman, D.B., B. Cutler, S. Brantley and D. Allen Dean. Preliminary List of the Spiders of the Arid Southwest. New Mexico State University. 1999.

Rudloff, J.-P. 2003. Eine neue Brachypelma-Art aus Mexiko, Brachypelma schroederi sp. n. (Araneae: Mygalomorphae: Theraphosidae: Theraphosinae). Arthropoda 11(3): 2-15.

Schultz, Marguerite J. and Stanley A. The Tarantula Keeper's Guide. Hauppage: Barron's Educational Series, 1998. ISBN 0-7641-0076-9

Seifert, SA. "Sunburst Tarantula (Pterinochilus murinus) envenomation." Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology. Vol. 41, no. 5. Aug 2003. 700.

Shillington, C and P. Verrell. "Sexual strategies of a North American 'tarantula' (Araneae: Theraphosidae)." Ethology. Vol. 103, no. 7. 1997. 588-598

Simon, E. 1892.Etudes arachnologiques. 24e Mémoire. XXXIX. Descriptions d'espèces et de genres nouveaux de la famille des Aviculariidae (suite). Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. 61: 280.

Simon, E. 1892. Histoire naturelle des araignées. Paris, 1.

Simon, E. 1903. Histoire naturelle des araignées. Paris, 2.

Simon, E. 1891. Etudes arachnologiques. 23e Mémoire. XXXVIII. Descriptions d'espèces et de genres nouveaux de la famille des Aviculariidae. Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. 60.

Strand, E. 1906. Ãœber einege Vogelspinnen und afrikanische Spinnen des naturhistorischen Museums zu Wiesbaden. Jahrb. nassua. Ver. Naturk. 59.

Strand, E. 1907. Aviculariidae und Atypidae des Kgl. Naturalienkabinetts in Stuttgart. Jahresh. Ver. Naturk. Württbg. 63.

Tesmoingt, M. 1999. Description de Avicularia geroldi n. sp. (Ile de Santana-Bresil) (Araneae: Theraphosidae: Aviculariinae). Arachnides 43: 17-20.

Tikader, B. K. 1977. Studies on some mygalomorph spiders of the families Ctenizidae and Theraphosidae from India. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 74.

Toft, Soren. "Prey Choice and Spider Fitness." Journal of Arachnology 27. 1999. 301-307.

Valerio, C.E. 1980. Arañas terafosidas de Costa Rica (Araneae, Theraphosidae). I. Sericopelma y Brachypelma. Brenesia 18: 259-288.

Von Wirth, V. 1991. Eine neue Vogelspinnenart aus Vietnam Haplopelma schmidti sp. n. (Araneae: Theraphosidae: Ornithoctoninae). Arachnol. Anz. 18: 6-11. [p. 7, f. 1-11].

Von Wirth, V. & B.F. Striffler. 2005. "Neue Erkennstisse zur Vogelspinnen – Unterfamilie Ornithoctoninae, mit Beschreibung von Ornithoctonus aureotibialis sp. n. und Haplopelma longipes sp. n. (Araneae, Theraphosidae)." Arthropoda 13(2): 2-27.


American Tarantula Society Has journal articles, books and compact discs for sale, a bulletin board, and a question/answer forum.

Arachnid World A discussion group frequented by a lot of knowledgeable and experienced people.

Arachnofreaks Great, active forum with a focus on information.

Arachnopets A great site by Scott Scher with multiple discussion forums, an extensive and well-sorted selection of classified ads, a gallery, and much more.

Australian Tarantulas by Steve Nunn of Australia.  Just like the name says, it has great information on Theraphosidae in The Land Down Under.

Biodiversity Heritage Library A great place to get those old papers by Pocock, Cambridge, Simon, et. al.  Hint:  search for the genus name.

British Tarantula Society A veritable cornucopia of information with classified ads, fantastic journal articles, surveys, a discussion board, and more.

Giant Spiders Guy Tansley's very informative site with incredible pictures.

Groupe d'Etude des Arachnides  Lionel Dabat's most impressive archive of photographs and information on breeding and  taxonomy information (currently in French; an English version is in the works).

Petbugs  by Jon Fouskaris.  Has a discussion forum, bulletin board, caresheets, etc.

Phong's Tarantula Pages by Thomas Schumm. This has tarantula diaries, caresheets, breeding information, , etc.

Planetary Biodiversity Inventory  The first and still by far the best "spider bibliography".  Quick lookup for taxonomic references for all species of spiders.

Rick C. West, Arachnologist  By Rick West of Canada.  This library of photos has become a very helpful reference for identifying tarantulas in the pet trade.

Spiderpix by Martin Huber of Germany.  It has outstanding photographs.

Spydaweb A site by Steve from England with good general info, a forum, and a photo gallery, as well as a very interesting section about spiders in human culture.

Tarantulas by Radan Kaderka.  An exceptionally informative site, particularly for those with an interest in taxonomy.

The Tarantula Store  An excellent informational resource done by Phil and Tracy of England.  It has great photos, excellent information, and an active forum.

Tarantulas.us  An active forum with wonderful categorization.

Theraphosidae of Africa and the Middle East by Timo Raab and Ingo Wendt of Germany.  It has detailed information on the subfamily Harpactirinae.

Theraphosidae of the World and Their Care in Captivity  An outstanding site by Mikhail Bagaturov of Russia.  It contains tons of info, including detailed and up-to-date cladistic references for some species.  It's likely the most updated site on tarantulas available.  It is in both English and Russian.

Tracy's Tarantulas A site with great pictures, information, and usanization by another Tracy in England.

The Venom List  A great resource for all things that bite and sting .

The World Spider Catalog  by Norman Platnick. It is frequently updated and has a very thorough bibliography.

XNism A site with caresheets and pictures from Clint in California.  He also sells tarantula calendars, the proceeds from which benefit victims of autism.

Environmental Links:
These are covered in a separate section located here


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